FY 2008 - 2011 Statewide
a. OverviewThis document is the Statewide Transportation Improvement Program for the State of New Jersey for federal fiscal years 2008 (beginning October 1, 2007) through 2011.
The Statewide Transportation Improvement Program (STIP) serves two purposes. First, it presents a comprehensive, one-volume guide to major transportation improvements planned in the State of New Jersey therefore providing a valuable reference for implementing agencies (such as the New Jersey Department of Transportation and the New Jersey Transit Corporation) and all those interested in transportation issues in this state. Second, it serves as the reference document required under federal regulations (23 CFR 450.216) for use by the Federal Highway Administration and the Federal Transit Administration in approving the expenditure of federal funds for transportation projects in New Jersey.
Federal legislation requires that each state develop one multimodal STIP for all areas of the state. In New Jersey, the STIP consists of a listing of statewide line items and programs, as well as the regional Transportation Improvement Program (TIP) projects, all of which were developed by the three Metropolitan Planning Organizations (MPOs). The TIPs contain local and state highway projects, statewide line items and programs, as well as public transit projects.
This STIP conforms to—and in many cases exceeds—the specific requirements of the federal regulations:
b. Asset Management PolicyThe New Jersey Department of Transportation will develop and implement the New Jersey Transportation Asset Management System (NJTAMS). NJTAMS will be the Department’s business model, and will capture all day-to-day as well as strategic operations. NJTAMS will be guided by a clear set of system level performance goals for each asset type. Asset management means an ongoing systematic process of maintaining, upgrading, and operating physical assets in a cost-effective manner, based on continuous evaluation of infrastructure inventory and system condition.
The NJTAMS is designed to manage all aspects of the Department’s process. The “heart” of NJTAMS is the direction set forth by the transportation management systems used in the bridge, safety, pavement, congestion, and maintenance areas. Guided by optimal service life and long-term performance goals, NJTAMS will focus the Department’s decision making process on selecting the most cost-effective policies, programs, and projects, benefiting from keeping good infrastructure in good condition. These in turn, will be used to preserve, improve and where appropriate, expand New Jersey’s transportation infrastructure consistent with this policy.
The vision of NJTAMS is to provide sound information based on continuous, systems-based analysis to help the Department and the Metropolitan Planning Organizations prioritize transportation programs and projects. Specifically, NJTAMS will be a performance-based program to:
c. Public participation processNew Jersey is completely covered by three Metropolitan Planning Organizations (MPOs): the Delaware Valley Regional Planning Commission (DVRPC), the South Jersey Transportation Planning Organization (SJTPO), and the North Jersey Transportation Planning Authority Inc. (NJTPA). The STIP includes the three MPO Transportation Improvement Programs (TIPs) without modification.
Each MPO has a public participation process for their Transportation Plan, TIP and conformity determination. The state makes copies of the STIP available for each MPO public meeting and representatives from the NJDOT and NJ TRANSIT were present to answer questions and concerns raised by the public on our program. The public comment period for each MPO TIP and the STIP ran for a period of 30 days.
d. Statewide Transportation PlanThe Federal Statewide Planning Rule requires that the STIP contain projects consistent with the statewide long-range transportation plan. New Jersey’s statewide plan was prepared and submitted to the State Legislature on March 1, 2001. Following a public review and addressing of comments, the final plan was submitted to FHWA and FTA in January 2002.
Unlike the previous plan, Transportation Choices 2025 is more than a “policy plan.” It identifies future transportation needs and offers strategic direction on a systems level that is based on technical analysis, the use of alternative scenarios evaluation, and extensive public involvement. The Plan contains 5-, 10-, and 25-year elements to help guide the investment agenda for the state’s future transportation expenditures.
The process to develop Transportation Choices 2025 went far beyond typical planning efforts, incorporating website technology in concert with traditional methods in plan preparation, public involvement, and overall project management. The New Jersey Long Range Transportation Plan website offers valuable transportation information and is designed to encourage the exchange of information between users of the state’s transportation system and the Department.
The Department and NJ TRANSIT are now preparing Transportation Choices 2030, an update to Transportation Choices 2025. The agencies’ staffs are working with consultant assistance to conduct extensive public outreach and inter-agency coordination along with technical assessments to examine the state’s transportation system; describe a vision for the future; identify goals, objectives, strategies and actions; identify needs and resources; and develop a set of performance indicators and a reporting system to identify success at achieving the goals and objectives of the plan. Results of the work are being posted on the Long Range Plan website so it can be an easily accessible source of information on the development of the Long Range Plan and as well as a way for the public to offer their input on the Long Range Plan to the Department and NJ TRANSIT.
The developmental work for Transportation Choices 2030 provided the foundation for development of the FY 2008-2012 Capital Investment Strategy that shaped the investment priorities for this STIP. The projects and programs in the STIP are consistent with the Long Range Transportation Plan.
e. Conformity for MPO plans and programsEach MPO Regional Transportation Plan will go through a conformity analysis to demonstrate that each MPO Plan conforms to the State Implementation Plan (SIP). Each MPO TIP must be consistent with their conforming plan such that the regional emission analysis performed on the plan applies to their TIP. This determination means that the implementation of projects and programs in the MPO TIPs will have a positive impact in the aggregate on air quality. Since the STIP contains the three MPO TIPs without modification, the implementation of the STIP, in aggregate, will also have a positive impact on air quality.
f. Advance construction projectsAdvance Construction (AC) is a procedure to advance a federally funded project(s) into the current fiscal year and implement it with other than federal funds. Use of AC is subject to the availability of other than federal funds (e.g., state funds) in the year in which the project is to be implemented, and the availability of federal funds in the year in which the AC project(s) is to be converted to a regular federal-aid project. AC projects are to be listed individually in the TIP and STIP in both the year that the project is to be implemented and the year in which the conversion is to take place. Appropriate notification will be provided in the TIPs and STIP so it is clearly understood that these “other funds” are available and that future federal funds may be committed to these AC projects. Fiscal constraint must be maintained throughout this process for both the implementing and conversion years.
When AC is used in the development of the TIP/STIP, or to amend or modify the TIP/STIP, the MPO and the state will explain the procedure following the public participation procedures adopted by the MPO. The MPO and the state agree that in the development and processing of the TIP/STIP, the inclusion of an AC project in the TIP/STIP in the year the project is to be implemented signifies that the project can be converted to federal funding when federal funds become available and the decision is made to convert.
g. Multi-Year FundingMulti-year funding is a process whereby the costs of a phase of work of a project are spread out over several STIP years. Each fiscal year of the STIP will show the available federal funding needed that year to complete a portion of a particular phase of work. In the first fiscal year of funding for a multi-year funded phase of work, the Department will only seek federal authorization for that portion of the federal funds shown in that fiscal year in the STIP. The remaining balance of funds for that particular phase of work will appear in the STIP in the fiscal year the Department intends to request Federal authorization for the remaining funds needed for continuation/completion of the phase/project. Each multi-year federal funded project will be submitted to FHWA with the condition that authorization to proceed is not a commitment or obligation to provide federal funds for that portion of the undertaking not fully funded herein. Fiscal constraint will be maintained at all times throughout this process.
In the event that federal funding is not available in any fiscal year, for a multi-year funded phase of work, the Department will take full responsibility to fund that portion of the phase of work, as stated under the provisions of Section 13 of P.L. 1995, c.108. It will also be the Department’s responsibility to fund any portion of a multi-year funded phase of work that goes beyond the life of the current federal highway act.
Table 9 (pdf 29k) shows current fiscal year and future fiscal year funding needed to complete multi-year federally funded highway projects. Table 10 (pdf 25k) shows current fiscal year and future fiscal year funding needed to complete multi-year state funded highway projects. The individual project STIP pages contain specific information for these projects such as a detailed project description, project funding source and a total estimated project cost.
Table 11 (pdf 17k) shows current fiscal year and future year funding and the estimated total funding needed to complete multi-year funded transit projects.
h. Development of the STIPThis Statewide Transportation Improvement Program is the product of months of staff work and deliberations involving the New Jersey Department of Transportation (NJDOT), the New Jersey Transit Corporation (NJ TRANSIT), county and municipal transportation planners and engineers, other transportation implementing agencies, the public and elected officials at the state, county, and municipal levels. The main decision-making forums for selecting projects for this program were the state’s three metropolitan planning organizations:
All projects that were identified as potential candidates for inclusion in the regional transportation improvement programs of each of the three MPOs were subjected to intensive screening to verify project scope, status, schedule, and cost. The resulting “pool” of projects was analyzed independently by NJDOT, NJ TRANSIT, and the MPOs to assign each project a priority based on the extent to which it would advance identified regional and statewide objectives, such as objectives set forth in the state and regional long-range transportation plans, the New Jersey Capital Investment Strategy, air quality objectives, and the broad social and economic goals of the State Development and Redevelopment Plan. NJDOT developed and circulated revenue projections for planning purposes to each of the MPOs, based on the best current assessment of available state, federal, and other funds. NJDOT, NJ TRANSIT and each of the three MPOs entered into intensive discussions to negotiate a list of deliverable transportation projects that best fit the composite statewide and regional priorities within a financially constrained program. These negotiated project lists were used as the basis for publishing the Fiscal Year 2008 Proposed Transportation Capital Program by NJDOT and NJ TRANSIT on March 30, 2007, and for preparing TIPs for further analysis by each of the MPOs.
i. Congestion Management SystemAll projects in this STIP that will result in a significant increase in carrying capacity for single occupant vehicles result from a fully operational Congestion Management System (CMS) in place at each MPO.
j. STIP Modifications and AmendmentsThe STIP may be modified or amended at anytime according to the procedures set forth in the Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) for TIP/STIP changes between the three MPOs, NJ TRANSIT, and the NJDOT. These MOUs were fully executed between August of 2006 and June of 2007. STIP changes, once approved by the MPOs in concert with either NJ TRANSIT or the NJDOT, are forwarded to the FHWA and/or FTA for their approval, when necessary.
k. Non-Federal Match
TOLL CREDIT Toll Credits were created in the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century (TEA-21) and are to be used as a credit toward the non-Federal matching share of programs authorized by Title 23 (except for the emergency relief program) and for transit programs authorized by Chapter 53 of Title 49.
l. Financial planFederal law and regulations require that the STIP be fiscally constrained for the first four years. Specifically, “planned federal aid expenditures” cannot exceed “projected revenues.” The major sources of funding identified in this document are the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), the Federal Transit Administration (FTA), and the New Jersey Transportation Trust Fund. NJDOT and its transportation planning partners (NJ TRANSIT, North Jersey Transportation Planning Authority, Delaware Valley Regional Planning Commission, South Jersey Transportation Planning Organization, Federal Highway Administration, and Federal Transit Administration) have developed an estimate of $12.9 billion in available state and federal revenues to support the state’s transportation budget during the four fiscal years from FY 2008 through FY 2011. (For planning purposes, state revenues are estimated on the basis of state fiscal years, which begin on July 1, and federal revenues are estimated on the basis of federal fiscal years, which begin on October 1.) This amount constitutes the funding expected to be available to support the whole FY 2008-FY 2011 STIP. These revenue estimates were developed cooperatively by NJDOT, NJ TRANSIT, and New Jersey’s three MPOs, with full consultation with FHWA and FTA, in a series of meetings in December 2006.
Tables 1 through 3 set out these amounts by year and by funding category and compare them to the actual amounts programmed in the TIPs and STIP. Following are the revenue assumptions used in developing this table:
It should also be noted that the State of New Jersey annually appropriates approximately $75 million to NJDOT for operation and maintenance purposes. These funds are adequate for maintenance and operation of the system. In addition, both federal and state funds are allocated to NJDOT’s operations and maintenance forces for betterments to the system.
The State of New Jersey has shown a significant commitment to public transportation through operating support from the state’s general fund. Since the inception of NJ TRANSIT, the state has contributed over $5.7 billion of operating assistance, over $2.4 billion in the last ten years alone. During this last ten-year period, the state also has chosen to supplement that operating assistance with over $1 billion of funding allocated to transportation operations from the state’s general fund contribution to the Transportation Trust Fund. This TTF contribution to operations is approximately $103.2 million annually, and represents a continued strong commitment from the state to fund public transportation. The following below details those projects for FY 2008.
NJ TRANSIT also has approximately $114 million of debt service paid for through TTF. The current structure of TTF is sufficient to retire this debt. Therefore, these funds are committed or available. The chart below details FY 2008 TTF that represents debt service.
With two notable exceptions, federal and state funds are not “allocated” to—that is, required to be spent within the boundaries of—the state’s three MPOs. The first exception is STP funds, some of which are required under a formula in federal regulations to be allocated to MPOs. These allocated funds are shown in the following tables as “STP-NJTPA,” “STP-DVRPC,” and “STP-SJTPO.” The second exception is Trust Fund state aid funds, which are allocated on a county-by-county basis under a statutory and regulatory formula.
The actual budgeting of federal and state funds for projects within the MPO areas is a product of the development of the three regional transportation improvement programs, the statewide transportation improvement program, and legislative approval of the annual capital program. On a statewide basis, the cost of projects programmed for a particular fiscal year must equal the planned resources for that year. Each project must also be assigned to a funding category that is appropriate for the project and within which adequate funding is available. From year to year there may be significant variations in the amount of funds actually programmed within an MPO area, as needs and specific project implementation schedules dictate. These programming decisions are made on a cooperative basis with the participation of NJDOT, NJ TRANSIT, local government representatives, and other agencies (all of whom are members of the MPOs), the State Legislature, citizens’ groups, and the general public.
For the purpose of defining a project line item estimate in the STIP, each item includes an estimate of independent contractor costs to produce the project, an estimate of implementing agency costs anticipated in support of the development and delivery of the project, and any other payments to third parties in matters of right-of-way and utility relocations. The implementing agency costs include activities such as inspection, testing and equipment along with salary costs.
The current STIP and NJDOT capital program will provide funding for Departmental employee salaries, leave and fringe benefits, overhead, and other administrative costs which benefit the development and delivery of the transportation highway program. This funding is provided from both Federal-aid and NJ Transportation Trust Fund sources and these funds are allocated for multi-year and previously authorized project costs. Federal-aid in support of Departmental employee and administrative costs is programmed on an individual project basis, while NJ Transportation Trust Funds are programmed as a single item under the STIP heading of "Program Implementation Costs, NJDOT". The NJTTF commitment to Departmental employee costs and administrative expenses for each year of the STIP is established at $87,900,000. The Federal-aid commitment to these Departmental costs and expenses is not disclosed within individual STIP line items, but the Department estimates the annual commitment of Federal funds to be $102,000,000 for fiscal year 2008.
Table 4 (pdf 18k) shows the overall distribution of funds within the STIP by MPO.
Tables 5 through 8 provide more detailed breakdowns of expenditures by funding category for each of the three MPOs and for statewide programs.
m. Financing transition projects“Transition” projects are projects which are programmed for implementation in the current (FY 2007-FY 2010) TIP/STIP but which, for either scheduling or obligation authority limitation reasons, are not actually available for implementation until after October 1, 2007, when the planned (FY 2008-FY 2011) TIP/STIP takes effect. To provide a smooth transition between one TIP/STIP period and the next, New Jersey’s MPOs and appropriate state and federal agencies have agreed that the first 60 days after approval of the FY 2008-FY 2011 STIP will be considered a transition period, in which projects included in the FY 2007-FY 2010 STIP will be considered eligible for federal funding actions, even though they are not included in the FY 2008-FY 2011 STIP. This list of “Transition” projects is found in Section V of document and is based on current schedule information.
n. How to use this documentThe individual descriptions, found in Sections II and III, provide detailed information for each project or program in the five-year plan. The top portion of each project lists the project/program name (route and section) as well as the location. The NJDOT reference number is assigned at the beginning of a project and remains with that project until its completion. The TIP reference number refers to the identification number assigned by the MPO(s). Other information contained within the description includes county, municipality, Metropolitan Planning Organization (MPO) jurisdiction, mileposts (for state highway projects), structure number (for bridge projects), the project sponsor, a detailed description of the project, and program category. An explanation of the program categories can be found in the Glossary, located in Section VI of this document.
The anticipated funding schedule for each project/program is displayed in the columns at the bottom of each record. The phases of work and types of funds are further defined in the Glossary, located in Section VI.
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Last Updated: September 27, 2007